100 Wild Foods To Forage For

Most people, even those who forage often do not realize the number of different species of wild foods that you can forage for. There are literally hundreds of wild edibles in the world. I’m sharing my list of 100 wild foods to forage for in Canada.

What exactly is foraging? Foraging is the act of searching widely in the wild for food or provisions; and it could be referring to people or animals. Obviously I am referring to the former of the two for this post; people.

Foraging is a fun and educational activity which can also save you money on your food bills and help you gain new life experiences.

Here’s my list of 100+ edible foods that you can forage for in the Canadian wild:

Wild Edible Weeds

  1. Dandelions
  2. Broadleaf Plantain
  3. Creeping Charlie
  4. Lamb’s Quarters aka Pig Weed
  5. Chickweed
  6. Clovers
  7. Purslane
  8. Chicory
  9. Amaranth
  10. Burdock
  11. Nettles and Stinging Nettles
  12. Wild Mint
  13. Wild Sarsaparilla
  14. Yarrow
  15. Wintergreen
  16. Anise Hyssop
  17. Goldenrod
  18. Silverweed
  19. Queen Anne’s Lace
  20. Common Milkweed
  21. Dock
  22. Field Pansy
  23. Ditch Stonecrop
  24. Wild Bergamot aka Horsemint
  25. Catnip
  26. Miner’s Lettuce
  27. Stork’s-bill
  28. Wintergreen

morel mushrooms foraged foods

Wild Edible Vegetables, Fungi and Roots

  1. Asparagus
  2. Fiddleheads
  3. Morels
  4. Wild Leeks aka Ramps
  5. Oyster Mushroom
  6. Wild Garlic
  7. Chanterelles
  8. Lobster Mushroom
  9. Wild Ginger
  10. Hen of the Woods
  11. Lion’s Mane Mushrooms
  12. Jerusalem Artichokes
  13. Yucca Root (not commonly found in the wild, but does escape from gardens)
  14. Wild Onions
  15. King Bolete Mushrooms
  16. Wild Carrot

Wild Edible Fruit

  1. Raspberries
  2. Strawberries
  3. Blueberries
  4. Blackberries
  5. Chokecherries
  6. Cranberries
  7. Currants
  8. Saskatoon Berry
  9. Salal (grows mainly on coastal BC)
  10. Huckleberry
  11. Buffaloberries (grows mainly on the Prairies)
  12. Gooseberries
  13. Grapes (usually muscadine or concord varieties)
  14. Elderberries
  15. Cloudberries
  16. Mulberry
  17. Clammy Ground Cherry
  18. Hawthorn
  19. Bunchberry
  20. Thimbleberry
  21. Crab Apples
  22. PawPaw (typically found in the Great Lakes Region)
  23. Rhubarb
  24. Salmonberries

 rose hips wild edibles

Wild Edible Flower Petals And Blossoms

  1. Nasturtium
  2. Violets
  3. Daisies
  4. Hollyhocks
  5. Squash Blossoms
  6. Maple Blossoms
  7. Allium
  8. Gladiolus
  9. Hibiscus
  10. Pansies
  11. Snap Dragon
  12. Sunflower
  13. Rose Hips

Wild Edible Nuts And Grains

  1. Hickory
  2. Hazelnut
  3. Wild Rice (mainly grows in the Great Lakes Region)
  4. Black Walnut
  5. Pine Nuts
  6. Heartnut
  7. Forest Chestnuts
  8. Butternut
  9. Northern Pecan
  10. Gingko
  11. Beech Nuts

Pickleweed Sea Asparagus

Wild Edible Aquatic Plants

  1. Watercress
  2. Kelp
  3. Green Seaweed
  4. Bulrush (watch out for false Bulrush)
  5. Creeping Dogwood
  6. Cattail Root
  7. Pickleweed aka Glasswort , Sea Asparagus (grows in saltwater marshes and in the salty soil near high-tide areas in NFLD)
  8. Seaside Sandplant aka Beach Greens
  9. Fragrant Water-lily

Tips For Consuming Foraged Foods

  • Make sure that you have positively identified your foods, if you’re unsure then leave it!
  • Consult books to learn more about the species of wild foods that you intend to forage for. Some plants that are poisonous may look like their edible counterparts.
  • Only harvest plants from areas where you know the risk of contamination from industrial pollution and other pollution is low. You only want edible wilds that are clean and chemical free. Aquatic plants take up water, so make sure you are harvesting from clean pristine waters if you intend to eat it.
  • If it’s your first time eating any plant, start with a small quantity only and assess how it affects you before eating more.
  • Wild edibles are a shared resource, therefore, only take what you can consume and make sure you consume what you take.

This post is meant only as a brief overview of what wild foods are out there for the picking; this is not intended as a comprehensive guide to foraging. Be safe when foraging, make sure you know how to identify edible foods. If you are ever unsure about foods in the wild, then leave it.

Have fun and stay safe!

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